Before we start, some technical stuff
When buying a toilet, you need to be able to answer the following questions:
- Do I need an S-Trap or a P-Trap?
- What is the setout?
- Will I need a rear or bottom entry?
S-Trap or P-Trap, what's the difference?
The "trap" is the bend in the pipe where the waste goes out of the toilet. It retains some water after flushing causing a seal and preventing sewer gases from entering the building.
An S-trap exits at the bottom of the toilet and is designed to outlet directly through the floor.
A P-trap exits at the back of the toilet and is designed to outlet through a wall.
The Setout refers to the distance to the centre of the waste outlet. For an S-Trap, the setout is the measurement from the finished wall to the centre of the waste pipe in the floor (modern standards are between 140mm and 165mm). For a P-Trap, the setout is the measurement from the finished floor to the centre of the waste outlet in the wall (the standard is 185mm).
If you are replacing an existing toilet and do not want to change the plumbing, you will need to ensure that your new toilet will fit the existing plumbing.
If you have a P Trap toilet you should not be too restricted as most P Traps have a standard set out. However, if you have an S trap toilet, you will need to make sure that you have the measurement from the wall to the centre of the trap before you purchase a replacement toilet.
Rear Entry and Bottom Entry (Cisterns)
(Rear/Back or Bottom Entry Inlet)
The entry (or inlet) is where the water enters the toilet cistern. A bottom entry toilet has a tap on the wall under the cistern, on either the right or left hand side of the toilet, and it connects to the bottom of the cistern. A rear entry toilet connects inside the cistern.
As a general rule, changing the location of the inlet is not as difficult as changing the location of the trap. Bathroomware House recommends that you check your individual situation with your qualified plumber before purchasing your toilet.
There are hundreds of toilet suites available in the market. Other than looks, factors such as size, inlet position, how well it functions and water efficiency should play into your decision.
When choosing a toilet suite for your bathroom, you must ensure that it carries a W.E.L.S. rating to comply with government regulations. For more information about W.E.L.S. rating you can visit the Australian government website:
All that said, if you are remodelling your bathroom here are the different toilet types you can consider.
Wall Facing toilets sit flush against the wall, with the cistern directly on the pan. Wall faced toilets appear as a complete unit, eliminating hard to reach nooks or crevices behind and under the suite. Boasting a combination of contemporary design and practicality, these stylish, clean-lined suites are ideal for bathroom renovations and make cleaning a breeze.
Back to wall pans are a clever way to maximise space in the bathroom by concealing the cistern within a piece of furniture or stud wall. The toilet type offers a simple uncluttered bathroom finish that is easy to maintain for residential or commercial use.
Wall hung pans are a perfect option for a minimal, modern and space saving toilet soultion. Ideal for bathrooms large or small, these sleek styles perfectly complement other bathroom furniture and are also water efficient. Like back to wall suites, these wall hung toilet pans also house a concealed cistern, while the pan hovers off the ground creating a sense of space and luxury. Wall Hung Pans require a structural elements inside the wall they are mounted on in the form of a frame or purpose made bracket.
Close coupled toilet suites deliver modern looks and easy-clean style at an affordable price. Most commonly made from quality vitreous china, Close Coupled Suites' are similar in appearance to Wall Facing suites, but the pan does not sit back flush to the wall. The cistern sits directly on the pan, appearing as a complete unit with no visible pipes connecting them. The suite incorporates leading water-saving technology and is suitable for in-floor or in-wall waste outlets.
Link Toilet Suites
Link Suites are similar in appearance to close coupled suites but are mounted separately, joined by a "link" concealing the pipework. Designed for flexibility, link toilet suites allow the distance from the cistern to the pan to be adjusted during installation, are affordable and add a stylish touch to any bathroom. Most suites come with adjustable link and seat, floor waste outlet and feature a dual flush system for maximum water economy.
These compact close coupled toilet suites are perfect for tight spaces or ideal for a touch of something different. Suitable for difficult installations, these back-to-wall modern corner suites are designed to fit into the corner of your bathroom.
These traditionally styled toilet suites incorporate authentic Period or Tradtitional design and and are styled as either close coupled concealed trap or as a link toilet suite. These toilet suites are perfect for those wanting to carry the traditional look into their bathroom.
Flaunting a contemporary style, the disability toilet suites are designed to provide a raised seat for people with impaired mobility or in wheelchairs. The pan features a concealed trap to facilitate easy cleaning. The versatility of the toilet suite makes it ideal for use by both the ambulant people with disabilities and wheel-chair users.